Posted in October 2013

Stereotype Threat

  The primary purpose of this paper is to explicate stereotype threat, the processes that create stereotype threat, the responses of those who experience it, possible consequences of stereotype threat, and potentially effective remediation strategies for reducing stereotype threat. Stereotype threat is an “immediate situational threat that derives from the broad dissemination of negative stereotypes … Continue reading

Systematic Model of Processing

Will you remember this discussion post?  Will you process the information contained in this discussion post systematically, heuristically, or some combination of the two?  According to the myriad research, the answer to these questions depends on a number of factors related specifically to each type of processing. Systematic processing is considered to be deeper, more … Continue reading

Heuristics

  Simulation According to Kahneman and Miller (1986) the act of simulating various outcomes within our minds, prior to or after, committing an act is the utilization of a simulation heuristic.  When engaged in prior to commission, these simulations aid us in deciding how to act.  When engaged in after the fact, these simulations aid … Continue reading

Attribution Bias

  Actor-Observer Bias The research has indicated a clear fundamental attribution error bias wherein individuals typically underestimate variabilities in context (situation) in favor of dispositional attributions when evaluating others (Crisp & Turner, 2010; Moskowitz, 2005l; O’Sullivan, 2003).  However, this tendency does not transfer to evaluations of our own behavior in similar variable contexts, i.e., the … Continue reading

Attribution of Theories

  Fiske (2010) asserts that human beings are guided by five core social motives which describe “fundamental, underlying psychological processes that impel people’s thinking, feeling, and behaving in situations involving other people” (p. 14).  Specifically, the core social motives she refers to are belonging, understanding, controlling, enhancing self, and trusting others.  Three of these social … Continue reading

Multiple Selves

Despite the appeal of possible selves, as presented by Markus and Nurius (1986) and further elaborated on by Erikson (2007), I chose to argue the contrary position against possible selves. Possible Selves Markus and Nurius (1986) define possible selves as “ideal selves that we would very much like to become.  They are also the selves … Continue reading

Sense of Self

Recent Event My husband and I recently purchased a home near my son’s school in Fullerton, California.  We were aware that housing prices were going up in our area and were concerned the interest rates were also going to begin to rise further reducing our purchasing options.  Our rental lease was coming due at the … Continue reading

Cognitive Memory Models

  Description of Vignette The video this week involves a brief interaction of several employees.  A new employee (Sally) is being shown around the office by Karen, who seems to have been with company for a long period of time indicated by her attitude, references to an “us” versus “them” atmosphere, and knowledge of the … Continue reading

Attention

  It is no surprise that social cognitive researchers have had difficulty teasing apart the interrelated and interdependent concepts relating to attention as we are bombarded with a plethora of stimuli every second of every minute of every waking hour!  Moreover, as a person with diagnosed Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), I have always been … Continue reading